Working practices are evolving from the traditional proximity or geographical collocation paradigm to a virtual collocation paradigm where professionals collaborate, regardless of their geographical location.
In this context, e-professionals use a collaborative working environment that makes it possible to share information and exchange views in order to reach a common understanding. It is transformative since it reduces the need for travel, paper and office space.
Ericsson Business Communication Suite (BCS) is a collection of network-based operator applications to be used by telecom service providers serving the corporate segment. It includes the features BCS Voice, BCS Collaboration and BCS Mobility. These features can be implemented to reduce business travel, commuting and virtual offices.
The direct ICT emissions represent the additional equipment required for the Business Communication Suite solution, including data centers (assuming round-the-clock operation) and increased laptop and smart phone use (additional 2 hours for phones, 1 hour for laptops a day). The increased use of existing networks and MS Exchange is marginal and is therefore not included.
The Business As Usual (BAU) system encompassed commuting and business travel, and office and paper use by Ericsson employees globally.
The primary enabling effects (immediate reductions) include reduced employee commuting and business travel, and lower office and paper use. Employee commuting is mainly done by private car or public transport and business travel is primarily by air and train, based on Swedish commuting patterns. The decrease in the non-motorized transportation infrastructure (bicycles and bike lanes) is assumed to a have minor impact and has not been included in the reduction in commuting. Business travel includes trips made by car and taxi trips to and from the airport and train station. Reduced needs for private and public transportation and reduced paper consumption per subscriber occur either immediately or within a short period of time after telecommuting is adopted, and are included as primary enabling effects. Reductions in the need for travel by public transport, air and train are included as primary effects since the reduction is calculated per subscriber and not by system.
The figure summarizes all potential effects that were identified.
The results in the figure below is based on a mix of secondary and modeled data.
It is assumed that collaborative work implemented at Ericsson will enable:
Ericsson environmental data for 2009 and other secondary data were used to determine the average business as usual travel and resource consumption. Generally speaking, collaborative work has the potential to reduce CO2e emissions by up to 1,300 kg CO2e/subscriber/year while only adding 14 kg of CO2e/subscriber/year for the service system. The potential reduction ratio over a 20-year period could be 1:95, depending on whether the infrastructure is included and, if so, to what extent. The absolute reduction is about 1,300 kg CO2/subscriber/year, or 100 ktonnes CO2/year if applied to all Ericsson employees.
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