Weather impacts almost everything we do. Severe weather can cause disasters, but also smaller daily weather changes have great impact on people and industries. Using microwave links that are part of mobile communication networks, local weather can be registered much faster and therefor relevant actions can be taken sooner.
In this paper we investigate the feasibility of using microwave frequencies for fixed non-line-of-sight wireless backhauling connecting small-cell radio base stations with an aggregation node in an outdoor urban environment, i.e. a typical heterogeneous network scenario. We study system level simulations for a point-to-point system where the wave propagation is based on diffraction over rooftops. We further investigate the effects of carrier frequency, interference, antenna height, rain, and tolerance to antenna alignment errors. It is found that the higher frequencies offer not only larger bandwidths but also higher antenna gains which would ideally work to their advantage. However, these advantages may be lost when taking antenna alignment errors and rain into account. Different frequencies simply have their different trade-offs.
The evolution to denser radio-access networks with small cells in cluttered urban environments has introduced new challenges for microwave backhaul. A direct line of sight does not always exist between nodes, and this creates a need for near- and non-line-of-sight (NLOS) microwave backhaul.
Jonas Hansryd from Ericsson Research discusses how microwave backhaul can handle the demands for increased capacity.
Ericsson is increasing its focus on the channel-partner business. Cooperation with successful channel partners will be essential for the vision of 50 billion connected devices by 2020.