In 2016, under the Marrakech Action Proclamation on climate and sustainable development, 196 countries at the UN Climate Change Conference of the Parties (COP 22) in Marrakech, Morocco agreed to stand by the Paris Agreement, which entered into force on November 4. The Paris Agreement set a commitment to keep the increase in global average temperature this century to well below 2°C pre-industrial level, recognizing that the aim needs to be 1.5°C.
Part of the solution
We advocate for ICT’s transformative capacity to address climate change and the role of the private sector in climate change in different fora. These include the World Economic Forum CEO Climate Group, the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, the Business and Sustainable Development Commission, and the UN Broadband Commission for Sustainable Development.
In 2016, under the proactive leadership of the Moroccan government, the SMARTer 2030 Action Coalition was launched. We are a founding member of the initiative, launched by the Global e-Sustainability Initiative (GeSI), which sets a roadmap for ICT’s contribution to the Paris Agreement and the SDGs.
We contributed a thematic report in 2016 on digitalization and sustainability for the Swedish Digitalisation Commission to advance the role of ICT as vital to reaching the Paris climate agreement. The official government report explored ICT’s role within climate adaptation and mitigation, using ICT to improve carbon efficiencies throughout the value chain, for example, in energy, transportation, as well as in industries and agriculture/food production.
With growing climate change, ecosystems are more vulnerable. In 2015 we began working with technology providers and NGOs to reforest mangroves in Malaysia more efficiently. About 50% of Malaysian mangroves have been destroyed due to unsustainable development, leaving coastal areas vulnerable to risks such as flooding and tsunamis. In the Connected Mangroves project, through a customized deployment, Malaysian mangrove conditions are monitored in real-time, enabling better management of new sapling growth by combining mobile, IoT and cloud technologies. Communities can then take prompt action to address changing environmental conditions. In 2016, the project won a UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Momentum for Change award, which honors initiatives that contribute to climate resilience.