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5g core and AR use case

Evolve your core network for 5G

Meet the 5G Core experts and get insights from early deployments of 5G Core networks.

5G Core (5GC)

Get to the core of 5G – a cloud native dual-mode 5G Core that combines EPC and 5GC network functions into a common cloud native platform for efficient TCO and smooth migration to 5G.

What is 5G Core?

5G Core (5GC) is the heart of a 5G mobile network. It establishes reliable, secure connectivity to the network for end users and provides access to its services. The core domain handles a wide variety of essential functions in the mobile network, such as connectivity and mobility management, authentication and authorization, subscriber data management and policy management, among others. 5G Core network functions are completely software-based and designed as cloud-native, allowing higher deployment agility and flexibility on multiple cloud infrastructures.

With the advent of 5G, industry experts defined how the core network should evolve to support the needs of 5G New Radio (NR) and the advanced use cases enabled by it.

Together, they developed the new 3GPP standard for core networks known as 5G Core (5GC), which includes new network functions (NFs) to the Core Network. The figure below depicts the 5GC network architecture with some of its main NFs associated to the packet core and user data management domains.

3GPP 5G Core architecture

The new 5GC architecture is based on what is called a Service-Based Architecture (SBA), which implements IT network principles and a cloud-native design approach. In this new architecture, each network function (NF) offers one or more services to other NFs via Application Programming Interfaces (API). Each NF is formed by a combination of small pieces of software code called as microservices. Some microservices can even be re-used for different NFs, making implementation more effective and facilitating independent life-cycle management – which allows upgrades and new functionalities to be deployed with zero impact on running services.

 

3GPP 5G Core architecture

This diagram does not include all the network functions (NF) rather than focus on those that are most associated to the packet core and user data management domains.

All NFs shown in this diagram are part of Ericsson’s Cloud Core portfolio except for:

  • CHF (Ericsson’s BSS portfolio)
  • GMLC and LMF (Ericsson’s OSS portfolio)
  • (R)AN (Ericsson’s RAN portfolio)
  • AF that is a function outside CSPs’ domain
  • DN that is the data network being accessed by the UE (e.g., internet)

Acronyms

5G-EIR 5G Equipment Identity Register NSSF Network Slice Selection Function
AF Application Function NWDAF Network Data Analytics Function
AMF Access and Mobility Management Function PCF Policy Control Function
AUSF Authentication Server Function (R)AN (Radio) Access Network
CHF Charging Function SMF Session Management Function
GMLC Gateway Mobile Location Centre UE User Equipment
LMF Location Management Function UDM Unified Data Management
DN Data Network UDR User Data Repository
NEF Network Exposure Function UPF User Plane Function
NRF NF Repository Function    

You’ve probably heard about advanced 5G use cases which, thanks to ultra-low network latency and very high throughputs, will revolutionize businesses and the day-to-day lives of consumers. But none of those will be possible without 5G Core (5GC). Alongside 5G new radio (NR), 5G Core is a fundamental cornerstone of 5G networks. ​

Currently, the vast majority of commercial 5G deployments are based on NR non-standalone (NSA) technology which uses existing LTE radio access for signaling between devices and the network, and Evolved Packet Core (EPC) networks which are enhanced to support 5G NSA. This approach allows new 5G services to be introduced quickly while maximizing the reuse of existing 4G networks. However, to unlock 5G’s full potential NR standalone (SA) and 5G Core (5GC) is needed. ​

The new 5GC architecture addresses the needs of not just today, but the future – raising mobile communications to unprecedented levels and making it possible to digitalize entire societies.

In short, 5GC is a fundamental piece of the 5G network to:

  • enhance end user experience (UX)
  • simplify network operations
  • increase service creation agility
  • improve network capabilities 

What are the key characteristics and benefits from 5G Core (5GC) and New Radio (NR) standalone?

Click here for details.

A multi-access core: Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core

5G Core implements the new 3GPP network architecture that will unleash the full power of 5G standalone enabling faster connectivity speeds, ultra-low latency, and higher bit rates and network reliability. These capabilities, combined with network automation, network slicing, exposure and edge computing, are instrumental to address multiple verticals and enable an ecosystem for innovation with use cases such as: enhanced mobile broadband (eMBB), Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication (URLLC), massive Machine Type Communication (mMTC) and Time-Critical Communication (TCC).

However, these new 5G networks will co-exist side by side with 4G ones for many years, while at the same time efficiencies need to be improved in order to capture new opportunities.​

The Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core solution is our answer how to address the introduction of the new 5G Core network architecture while enabling an efficient co-existence with deployed 4G Core networks, as well as to leverage the benefits from new technologies such as cloud native to legacy networks.  The Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core is built on cloud-native, microservices-based technology and combines Evolved Packet Core (EPC) and the new 5G Core (5GC) network functions into a common multi-access and cloud-native platform that supports 5G and as well as previous generations for optimized footprint and TCO efficiency. It is an evolution of our powerful virtualized portfolio, designed for cloud deployment, consisting of our Cloud Packet Core, Cloud Unified Data Management (UDM) and Policy and Signaling Controller products. Explore our demos to know more and customer cases.

 

For higher deployment flexibility and operational efficiency, we have grouped all 5G and 4G network functions into different products according to the services they deliver to the network.

The solution also includes a co-located network data analytics function (NWDAF) and bulit-in software probes to enhance customer experience from data-driven networks that learn and improve, and an integrated firewall to increase 5G network security.​ It also includes network exposure capabilities including an embedded Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) management module to enable service providers to explore new business opportunities with increased network programmability.

The dual-mode 5G Core enable CSPs to:

  • Introduce 5G quickly and effectively while protecting existing services​
  • Have a controlled and smooth migration to 5G aligned to business needs
  • Address new segments with flexibility and agility​
  • Reduce cost and increase performance with cloud native design
  • Quickly introduce new functionality and do maintenance updates
  • Provide optimal support for Network Slicing and Edge deployments


This architecture shows six network domains that support to enhance user experience, simplifies operations and enables agile new service creation, which opens up more enterprise and consumer opportunities for communications service providers with 5G Core. Click on the blue dots and you will find deeper information for each domain.

5G Core infographic
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Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core | Video | 2 min.

What can Ericsson dual-mode 5G Core do for you?

Watch this video for an overview of our multi-access, high-performance and cost-effective core platform for 5G above or explore our assets below to gain more insights.

 

Accelerate your network to 5G Core

Let’s talk about the scale phase of cloud-native networks

At the beginning, the size of cloud-native 4G and 5G networks is manageable in the “manual”, traditional way, with limited levels of automation and orchestration. But what happens next?

Today, we work with service providers across the globe in expanding their cloud-native networks, not only to new geographical locations or by growing its capacity, but also by adding new cloud-native network functions (NFs), such as subscription data management NFs to an already-live cloud-native packet core network.

As the cloud-native network expands, the need for automation and orchestration capabilities increases, as does the need for a broader review of operational structures and ways of working. Modernization of some network domains, such as moving into a bare-metal cloud infrastructure or deploying VoNR services, may also be covered in this phase. 

Explore more and learn how to release 5G’s full potential in your network by reading our cloud-native 5G Core guide series.

Access all guides| View 5G Core architecture infographic 

More insights and learnings how to scale up with cloud-native 5G from running cloud-native core networks at scale, including how to resolve 3GPP standard ambiguities, improve 5G service offerings and achieve multi-vendor field integration is shared in this blog post

Meet the 5G Core experts

Get insights from early deployments of 5G Core networks.  Our experts share their insights and explain what you need to plan for when evolving your 5G Core network. 

Watch video series

Get insights from live 5G Core networks

TPG Telecom cloud transformation to 5G standalone

TPG Telecom is on a cloud transformation and 5G SA journey. Watch this video with Giovanni Chiarelli, Chief Technology Officer at TPG Telecom.,

BT's journey to cloud-native

As of December 2022, millions of subscribers had been migrated to BT’s cloud-native Evolved Packet Core (EPC). Watch this video with Reza Rahnama, MD Mobile Networks at BT.

Live cloud-native core networks

Watch the video to hear more about the real experiences of running live cloud-native core networks at scale with millions of subscribers.

 

Signaling controller

Ericsson is live with the signaling controller with large Tier-1 CSPs across the globe. Network simplification, security and stability are all good reasons why you need a signaling controller when you scale your 5G network. Watch video to learn more.

Download your guides to learn more on how to scale your 5G Core network

One core - the best of two worlds

Learn how our dual-mode 5G Core solution, consisting entirely of cloud-native 5GC and EPC network functions, can optimize your journey to 5G. 

Continuous software for continuous change

CI/CD is the cornerstone of true digital transformation. In this guide, we share insights into life cycle management automation using CI/CD practices.

Transforming operation on the way to 5G

Explore the operational challenges and ways to maximize operational efficiency in a cloud-native Core network, and capture the true benefits of 5G.

Do more at optimal efficiency

To capture new business and provide a diverse range of services, the 5G environment will have more capabilities than earlier generations. This also implies that we need to do things differently to counter the growing demand and complexity. In essence, we need to do more with stable or lower cost while significantly contribute to reaching Net Zero emissions.  Here we share examples of actions you can do to optimize your 5G Core network.

How bare metal infrastructure improves TCO and energy efficiency

Ericsson estimates that the TCO savings for deploying applications on a bare metal cloud compared to a virtualized infrastructure can be as high as 18 percent.

Read blog post

Three years TCO for user plane function from 200 Gbps to 400 Gbps 

TCO benefits when moving to 5G Core

In this guide we give recommendations on feature and architecture choices for cost-effective deployment of 5G Core. Download guide.

graphic showning EPC and 5GC comes together in the dual-mode 5g Core solution

EPC and 5GC at optimal cost

Ericsson’s one core network approach reduces infrastructure footprint, cost and energy consumption. Download our guide to read more.

Integrated traffic optimization

VAS consolidation inside Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core reduces infrastructure footprint with ~50 percent, saving cost and energy. Watch the video to learn more.

Energy efficient traffic processing​

Applying micro-sleep in 5G Core user plane can enable CPU power savings with up to 35% during normal operation. Read the reseach article, Energy-efficient packet processing in 5G mobile systems, to get more insights.

Software deployments at optimal cost

Watch short intro video how Kubernetes and microservices will have a major impact on operations and lifecycle management of software.  Read more in our guide, CI/CD.

Innovate and empower with 5G Core

We defined 5G to transform the world. This means new capabilities are being added to networks to enable more innovation. Capabilities that will open-up more service provider opportunities for value creation in enterprise and industry segments, and expanded collaboration with application developers. For 5G Core, this implies scaling capabilities such as enriched network slicing, edge computing and network exposure. Get inspiration of what can be done from leading service proiders and experts from Ericsson's Core network team.

Evolve your customer experience with 5G

Listen to Ericsson experts, customers and partners in this enlighten episode of Ericsson 5G Talks focused on differentiation opportunities in the 5G consumer market.

New enablers in 5G Core

In this video Jitendra  Manocha, Strategic Senior Product Manager,  presents how to unlock new enablers in 5G Core and how to monetize them.

Premium connectivity

Monetizing 5G networks was a major topic at MWC 2023, with a focus on optimizing core networks for latency and privacy through distributed user plane function. Watch the short video above and learn more in this blog post, Boosting enterprise customer satisfaction and keeping consumers happy

Broadcasting case: network slicing on a public 5G SA network

ITN and Vodafone’s broadcast, of UK's king Charles's coronation, was one of the first to utilize network slicing on a public 5G standalone (SA) network, powered by Ericsson’s 5G RAN and 5G Core technology. Listen to the podcast and read more about the case in this blog post.

Optimizing data upload with exposure

Data transmission using mobile networks has become a key concern for vehicle manufacturers due to high costs and difficult efficiency controls.  Ericsson exposure of 5G network status and analytics allows CSPs to avoid network congestion and offload data from the vehicle. Read this blog post to learn more.

On-demand network slicing

Ericsson Dynamic Network Slice Selection enables flexible separation of services and enhances traffic steering to maximize quality of experience on a single device. Watch the short video how it works above. Read more about the solution in our brief and the news about how Android 14 support network slicing.

 

Industry insights

On-demand webinar TM Forum | 5G Core: Exploring CSP approches

Understand the move to 5GC and assess its impact on the telecoms industry and its customers. 

Mobility report | 5G SA deployment: Moving beyond eMBB

Article about the key drivers for CSPs to deploy 5G SA and the road to new services and business models.

White paper | Sunset 2G/3G

With the introduction of 4G and 5G, service providers need to plan for 2G/3G closure to reuse the spectrum and reduce costs. This white paper provides recommendations on how to prepare for closure in the Circuit Switching and IMS domains.

Publicly announced 5G live networks | Overview

Several CSPs have partnered with us. Check the latest information on our live 5G networks.

Cases

BT | A journey toward a 5G Core | Case

Learn how BT in UK leaped directly from physical to cloud-native architecture on the journey toward a 5G Core. All while successfully maintaining and improving service quality during the migration.

SK Telecom | World-first bare-metal cloud-native 5G Core | Case

Get inspired how SK Telecom strengthened 5G network operation capabilities and flexibility, significantly improving traffic processing efficiency.

TPG Telecom | Cloud transformation with NFVI | Case

Explore how TPG Telecom has paved the way for a simplified and efficient network providing fast time to market for new offerings.

Rogers | Canada’s first national 5G standalone network | Case

Read the story of how Rogers became the first operator to deploy 5G standalone services nationwide in Canada.

Latest solution update

New capabilities in 5G Core for advanced use cases

Ericsson has launched new 5G capabilities in RAN and Core to offer premium services experience which enables CSPs to monetize 5G services.  

These capabilities are part of Ericsson’s 5G SA value capture/value creation journey that kicked off in 2022 with the 5G Core launch of Dynamic Network Slice Selection to support multiple tailored slices to 5G devices.

The new capabilities include data boost functionality, L4S support in Core, QoS framework enhancements, and LPG with industrialized LCM. Based on these these new functionality we are ready to offer two different ways to monetize differentiated services experience.

Read this blog, to get more insights how to monetize and make it a reality.

 

 

Ericsson Local Packet Gateway

Embrace the edge opportunity in virtual and hybrid private 5G networks. Learn about our optimized dual-mode user plane footprint, the pre-integrated solution and secure fast time-to-service with lifecycle management optimized for the edge.

Ericsson Edge Exposure Server

Ericsson Edge Exposure Server provides simplified and feature enrichments APIs for edge applications, such as user equipment information API, network QoS API and location API. And to reduce complexity for developers and needed system integration when deploying new services, harmonized service APIs addition to standard APIs are provided.

HSM security

The Ericsson Authentication Security Module offers premium security to enhance end-user privacy protection in the 5G era by integrating a Hardware Security Module (HSM) to Ericsson’s dual-mode 5G Core solution. Learn how.

5G network data analytics function

5G network data analytics function (NWDAF) is designed to streamline the way core network data is produced and consumed, as well as to generate insights and take actions to enhance end-user experience. Learn how Ericsson’s unique value proposition allows you to benefit from the standard.​

Hybrid Cloud managment

 

Enabling 5G Core on any infrastructure. Hybrid cloud management brings service provider- and hyperscale cloud infrastructure under one umbrella – delivering efficient and secure cloud operations with agility and flexibility.

Learn more

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