2G: 2nd generation mobile networks (GSM, CDMA 1x)
3G: 3rd generation mobile networks (WCDMA/HSPA, TD-SCDMA, CDMA EV-DO, Mobile WiMAX)
3GPP: 3rd Generation Partnership Project
4G: 4th generation mobile networks (LTE, LTE-A)
4K: In video, a horizontal display resolution of approximately 4,000 pixels. A resolution of 3840 × 2160 (4K UHD) is used in television and consumer media. In the movie projection industry, 4096 × 2160 (DCI 4K) is dominant.
5G: 5th generation mobile networks (not yet standardized)
App: A software application that can be downloaded and run on a smartphone or tablet.
AR: Augmented reality. An interactive experience of a real-world environment whereby the objects that reside in the real world are “augmented” by computer-generated perceptual information.
CAGR: Compound annual growth rate
Cat-M1: A 3GPP standardized low-power wide-area (LPWA) cellular technology for IoT connectivity. Cat-M1 is a solution that can be deployed on LTE, targeting a wide range of IoT applications from simple to rich content.
CDMA: Code Division Multiple Access
dB: In radio transmission, a decibel is a logarithmic unit that can be used to sum up total signal gains or losses from a transmitter to a receiver through the media a signal passes.
EB: Exabyte, 1018 bytes
EDGE: Enhanced Data Rates for Global Evolution
EPC: Evolved Packet Core
FDD: Frequency Division Duplex
GB: Gigabyte, 109 bytes
Gbps: Gigabits per second
GHz: Gigahertz, 109 hertz (unit of frequency)
GSA: Global mobile Suppliers Association
GSM: Global System for Mobile Communications
GSMA: GSM Association
HSPA: High Speed Packet Access
IMS: IP Multimedia Subsystem
IoT: Internet of Things
Kbps: Kilobits per second
LTE: Long-Term Evolution
MB: Megabyte, 106 bytes
MBB: Mobile broadband (defined as CDMA2000 EV-DO, HSPA, LTE, Mobile WiMAX and TD-SCDMA)
Mbps: Megabits per second
MHz: Megahertz, 106 hertz (unit of frequency)
MIMO: Multiple Input Multiple Output is the use of multiple transmitters and receivers (multiple antennas) on wireless devices for improved performance.
mmWave: Millimeter waves are radio frequency waves in the extremely high frequency range (30–300GHz) with wavelengths between 10mm and 1mm. In a 5G context, millimeter waves refer to frequencies between 24 and 71GHz (the two frequency ranges 26GHz and 28GHz are included in millimeter range by convention).
Mobile PC: Defined as laptop or desktop PC devices with built-in cellular modem or external USB dongle.
Mobile router: A device with a cellular network connection to the internet and Wi-Fi or Ethernet connection to one or several clients (such as PCs or tablets).
NB-IoT: A 3GPP standardized low-power wide-area (LPWA) cellular technology for IoT connectivity. NB-IoT is a narrowband solution that can be deployed on LTE, or as a stand-alone solution, targeting ultra-low-throughput IoT applications.
NFV: Network Functions Virtualization
NR: New Radio as defined by 3GPP Release 15
OS: Operating System
PB: Petabyte, 1015 bytes
Short-range IoT: Segment that largely consists of devices connected by unlicensed radio technologies, with a typical range of up to 100 meters, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth and Zigbee. This category also includes devices connected over fixed-line local area networks and powerline technologies.
Smartphone: Mobile phone with OS capable of downloading and running “apps” e.g. iPhones, Android OS phones, Windows phones and also Symbian and Blackberry OS.
TD-SCDMA: Time Division-Synchronous Code Division Multiple Access
TDD: Time Division Duplex
VoIP: Voice over IP (Internet Protocol)
VoLTE: Voice over LTE as defined by GSMA IR.92 specification. An end-to-end mobile system including IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS), Evolved Packet Core (EPC), LTE RAN, Subscriber Data Management and OSS/BSS.
WCDMA: Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
Wide-area IoT: Segment made up of devices using cellular connections or unlicensed low-power technologies like Sigfox and LoRa.