More than ever, operators are being pressured by capacity demands, driven by unprecedented consumer use of smartphones and tablets. Multi-standard networks (2G to 4G and later 5G) that use multiple frequency bands and layers (small cells and Wi-Fi) are being deployed in order to meet these demands. However, to meet these requirements in a cost-effective and energy-efficient way, operators need to consider completely new approaches to radio site design and building practice.
Moreover, with operators deploying a mix of distributed, centralized and coordinated radio architecture, the transport network needs to be fully integrated in order to make installation and operation as simple and seamless as possible.
In addition, site space is scarce. All site equipment – including the antenna system, cabling, fronthaul and backhaul – needs to be carefully chosen and dimensioned. Operators will benefit from deploying site solutions that are compact, systematic and modular in design, in order to take care of radio functionality, baseband processing, transmission, power and battery backup as efficiently as possible.