With all of this in mind, it’s important to understand the following four areas of standardization, which are critical to the development of communication systems and corresponding ecosystems:
Spectrum and technical regulations
The timely availability of globally or regionally harmonized radio spectrum is a key requirement for the successful deployment of radio systems, including terrestrial mobile networks. Decisions are made by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), regional regulatory bodies, or local bodies on a per country basis – all of whom place technical requirements on equipment to avoid inter-system interference. Additional technical regulations, including physical restrictions on the deployment of equipment, electromagnetic field matters (EMF), and cyber and physical security aspects must also be in place to ensure the successful rollout and use of mobile networks.
Here, the rules dictating how to interact in the ecosystem of connectivity networks are set. These encompass, for example, the multivendor interfaces and application program interfaces (APIs) that ensures global connectivity across networks and enable the unprecedented scaling of products.
Ecosystem expansion standardization ensures that markets using mobile technologies – especially those new to the industry – fully understand and have the ability to properly utilize connectivity networks. Activities within this area also include harmonizing the requirements of such markets within the standardization of connectivity networks.
The standardization of implementation components ensures the availability of the components and technologies needed to implement connectivity network products and services worldwide. Naturally, Ericsson’s efforts in the implementation components area also include participating in open source projects and industries that define and develop components for other ecosystems beyond connectivity networks.