Mobile communications are increasingly contributing to global energy consumption. The EARTH (Energy Aware Radio and neTworking tecHnologies) project tackles the important issue of reducing CO2 emissions by enhancing the energy efficiency of cellular mobile networks. EARTH is a holistic approach to develop a new generation of energy efficient products, components, deployment strategies and energy-aware network management solutions. In this paper the holistic EARTH approach to energy efficient mobile communication systems is introduced. Performance metrics are studied so to assess the theoretical bounds of energy efficiency and the practical achievable limits. Moreover, various deployment strategies focusing on their potential to reduce energy consumption are studied, whilst providing uncompromised coverage and user experience. This includes heterogeneous networks with a sophisticated mix of different cell sizes, which may be further enhanced by energy efficient relaying and base station cooperation technologies. Finally, scenarios leveraging the capability of advanced terminals to operate on multiple radio access technologies (RAT) are discussed with respect to their energy savings potential.


Auer, Guntlier, Godor, óIstván; Hévizi, László G.; Imran, Muhammad Ali; Malmodin, Jens; Fazekas, Péter; Biczók, Gergely; Holtkamp, Hauke; Zeller, Dietrich; Blume, Oliver; Tafazolli, Rahim