Hence, handover (HO) and its performance are of high importance. This paper investigates the performance of the handover procedure within 3GPP LTE in terms of HO failure rate and the delay of the whole procedure. System level simulations within a typical urban propagation environment, with different User Equipment (UE) speeds, cell radii and traffic loads per cell have been performed. The entire layer 3 signalling exchanged via air interface is considered in the simulations. In addition, errors at the Layer 1 (L1) control channels are taken into account. Simulation results show that the handover procedure within 3GPP satisfies the goal of high performance mobility. Namely for cell radii up to 1 km and for UE speeds up to 120 km/h, the HO failure rate lies within the range of 0-2.2% even in high loaded systems. For medium and low loads even at speeds of 250 km/h, HO failure is below 1.3 %. In addition, simulation results show that the handover procedure is robust against L1 control channel errors.
Konstantinos Dimou, Min Wang, Yu Yang, Muhammmad Kazmi, Anna Larmo, Jonas Pettersson, Walter Muller, Ylva Timner, VTC Fall 2009